Hyenas possess a powerful dentition complete with massive conical hammer-like premolars designed for crushing and splitting bone. The three species of hyena (spotted, brown and striped) belong to the family Hyaenidae. Hyenas are not related to dogs; anatomically and genetically they more closely resemble cats. The Aardwolf was previously classified as a member of the hyena family but based on their skull, dentition and recent DNA analysis, they more appropriately belong in a family of their own (Protelidae). The genus and species name crocuta is a rare Latin word meaning an unknown animal from Ethiopia.